It is worth examining these claims with care.

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It is worth examining these claims with care.

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michelle alexander research

Michelle Alexander’s The New Jim Crow If you’re middle class, upper-middle class, living in the suburbs, and your son or daughter becomes dependent on drugs, experimenting with drugs, the first thing you do is not call the police. Take a look at those startling numbers here. … Talk to me about youth detention and how that affects life chances and the chances of being incarcerated later in life as well. . Alexander argues African-Americans are being discriminated against in the form of mass incarceration.

[4] Alexander’s thesis in You’re likely to attend schools that have zero-tolerance policies, perhaps where police officers patrol the halls rather than security guards, where disputes with teachers are treated as criminal infractions, where a schoolyard fight results in your first arrest rather than a meeting with the principal and your parents. You'll receive access to exclusive information and early alerts about our documentaries and investigations. Media and politician images pinned the working white class against working African-Americans class.

Journal of Lutheran Ethics Many young people find they are criminalized long before they ever are able to make choices about who they want to be in our society. The answer to that question doesn’t require a lot of digging. Full disclosure: We have lived through and remember the drug and crime problem of the 1980’s onward. To successfully challenge the system of mass incarceration, “…we must admit, out loud, that it was In 2019 and 2020 we celebrate 50 years of Lutheran women being ordained in the United States, 40 years of women of color being ordained, and 10 years of LGBTQIA+ individuals being able to serve freely. But how strong is TNJC’s best case about the racial injustice of the drug war? [15] As it stands, Alexander presents a compelling argument – one that deserves attention from anyone troubled by the racial disparities of our criminal justice system and the alarmingly, indefensibly high incarceration rates in this country. FRONTLINE has been honored with four 2020 News & Documentary Emmy Awards. It’s concentrated in extremely small pockets, communities defined almost entirely by race and class, and in these communities it’s not just one out of 10 who serve time behind bars. “Mass incarceration refers not only to the criminal justice system but also to the larger web of laws, rules, polices, and customs that control those labeled criminals both in and out of prison” (Alexander 2012, pg 14). [2] In The New Jim Crow, Michelle Alexander has written a powerful and provocative analysis of mass incarceration in the United States. It’s part of your destiny. The book discusses race-related issues specific to African-American males and mass incarceration in the United States. Publisher(s): American Civil Liberties Union of Northern California Author(s): Michelle Alexander Upload Research Learn how to upload your organization's valuable work into PolicyArchive and share your works with researchers and policymakers around the world. It’s as if “labels” descended willy-nilly, independent of conduct. I think not. Many people assumed that the war on drugs was declared in response to the emergence of crack cocaine and the related violence, but that’s not true. Mr. Cotton was later extradited back to Mississippi and convicted of murder by a jury of his peers.4. Given how widely read and discussed her book has become, in very diverse circles, I’d say that she has achieved that goal. [8] Third, Alexander identifies “collateral consequences” of being labeled a felon and describes how the rights currently taken from individuals convicted of crimes are eerily reminiscent of the rights taken from African Americans during Jim Crow segregation. Suddenly you’re treated like a criminal, like you’re worth nothing. • By submitting comments here, you are consenting to these rules: Readers' comments that include profanity, obscenity, personal attacks, harassment, or are defamatory, sexist, racist, violate a third party's right to privacy, or are otherwise inappropriate, will be removed. What do we expect those [people] to do? This is all under the use of police discretion. Law enforcement efforts to control drug use and sales have been focused mainly on poor communities of color, despite the fact that “people of all races use and sell illegal drugs at remarkably similar rates” (97). It is like this everywhere in America, but how we respond to drug abuse and drug addiction in poor communities of color is radically different than how we respond to it in more privileged communities. So we see, in the height of the war on drugs, a Democratic administration desperate to prove they could be as tough as their Republican counterparts and helping to give birth to this penal system that would leave millions of people, overwhelmingly people of color, permanently locked up or locked out. As the Associated Press reported after the 2012 Presidential election, registered black voters in Mississippi went to the polls at a higher rate than did white voters.3 This is not what “systematic racism” looks like, as anyone old enough to have witnessed the Civil Rights Movement can confirm. It’s difficult these days to find politicians who will openly defend the drug war on the grounds that it’s actually worked or that we are any closer to winning it than we were 40 years ago.

…. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Results from the 2013 National And: McCurley, C., and Snyder, H. Forthcoming. It also means that in these communities, the economic structures have been torn apart.

The question is whether we have the political will to do what is required. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. There, after reading about “code words” for race, we find again that Reagan “launched a media offensive to justify the ‘War on Drugs.’” And there’s another endnote which, when pursued, leads nowhere. But in a recent talk, noted author Michelle Alexander put those numbers in grave historical perspective. We act surprised, and yet what have we done? Give me a sense of what’s happened over the last 40 years in terms of the numbers of people in prison, in terms of how it’s affected specific communities, whether it’s very high turnover or people coming on now. The New Jim Crow essays are academic essays for citation. Could you talk to me about what is good about these initiatives underway in various states but also about their limitations? It makes the social networks that we take for granted in other communities impossible to form.

Every effort to rebut will be seen as confirmation of denial, even complicity, in American injustice.

In its simplest form, becoming a sanctuary denomination means that the ELCA is publicly declaring that walking alongside immigrants and refugees is a matter of faith. This system is about something else as currently designed. All evidence suggests that that is in fact their fate. And soon Democrats began competing with Republicans to prove they could be even tougher on them than their Republican counterparts, and so it was President Bill Clinton who actually escalated the drug war far beyond what his Republican predecessors even dreamed possible. All Rights Reserved. Nor does actual voting behavior sustain Ms. Alexander’s case for the existence of such a project. View Michelle Alexander Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. You take communities like Chicago, New Orleans and in this neighborhood in Kentucky where the drug war has been waged with just extraordinary, merciless intensity and incarceration rates have soared as crime rates have soared. It’s more about control, power, the relegation of some of us to a second-class status than it is about trying to build healthy, safe, thriving communities and meaningful multiracial, multiethnic democracy. I think most people have a general understanding that when you’re released from prison, life is hard. [10] In the final chapter of the book, “The Fire This Time,” Alexander describes what she thinks is necessary to successfully challenge our current system of mass incarceration and the “flawed public consensus” (222) that has given rise to it.

LA Progressive reported that even though studies have proven that whites use and sell illegal drugs at rates equal to or higher than black, four of five black youth in some inner-city communities can expect to be incarcerated in their lifetimes. We will take steps to block users who repeatedly violate our commenting rules, terms of use, or privacy policies. Accuses America of being Run by Criminals Law professor, scholar, author, civil rights champion Michelle Alexander best known for her book titled “The New Jim Crow: Incarceration in an Age of Colorblindness," It’s not crime that makes us more punitive in the United States. …. . Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services The drug war had already been declared, but the emergence of crack cocaine in inner-city communities actually provided the Reagan administration precisely the fuel they needed to build greater public support for the war they had already declared. The argument is that blacks are treated unjustly by disproportionate drug arrests when survey data show that their use of drugs is less than that of whites, and even their rate of drug dealing is surpassed by that of whites.8. [6] I see three key parts to Alexander’s analysis. www.idcr.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/WPPL-9-22.pdf (accessed 6/8/13). This is cat-and-mouse. [1] The prison population in the U.S. has quadrupled since 1980. View Michelle Alexander Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. … Why should we care? The premise of the ‘The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness’ by Michelle Alexander, is to refute claims that racism is dead and argue that the War on Drugs and the federal drug policy unfairly targets communities of color, keeping a large majority of black men of varying ages in a cycle of poverty and behind bars. Discrimination by private landlords as well as public housing projects and agencies, perfectly legal. [2] The Sentencing Project, “Trends in U.S. Corrections” And it was the Clinton administration that championed a federal law denying even food stamps, food support to people convicted of drug felonies. Figure 2.12 page 26 "Past Month Illicit Drug Use Among Persons 12 or older, by Race/Ethnicity: 2002-2013.". Simply arresting people for drug crimes [does] nothing to address the serious problems of drug abuse and drug addiction that exist in this country.

It is worth examining these claims with care.

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