Doppler radar provides an image of the shape of a thunderstorm cell, the intensity of precipitation within that cell and wind velocity. Our supercomputers are almost 6 million times more powerful than your average desktop computer. The number of strong, violent tornadoes that occur in a 10,000 square mile area, per year, is 0.1 across the entire US, and only 0.6 in Tennessee, the state with the highest frequency. Science relies on observations to develop theories about nature, and ultimately to evaluate and validate these theories. In Moore, residents only had 16 minutes notice that a tornado was forming. This new radar has also helped forecasters establish more accurate tornado signatures, like the "debris ball," wherein material being carried in the vortex of a tornado can be spotted before the storm touches down. Each PIPS has sensors that measure temperature, pressure, humidity, wind speed and direction. Hurricane forecasters use a method called the Dvorak technique with the satellite imagery to estimate the intensity of a tropical storm system. Even when all those factors align, the chances of a tornado hitting the ground are very small. The increased use of Doppler radar helps tell meteorologists when strong winds form in an “intense circulation,” which could lead to a tornado. (NOAA), AWIPS workstation at NWS Lubbock, Texas (NOAA), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Learn more about NOAA’s weather satellites, Learn more about weather balloons and radiosondes, NOAA upgrades Global Ensemble Forecast System, Congratulations to the 2020 WRN Ambassadors of Excellence. NY 10036. The first guide to tornado forecasting, published in 1888, set the basis for predicting the storms. USA "There's pressure, there's temperature, and none of the radars and current sensing instruments can get that at the resolution we really need to fundamentally understand the tornadoes," project leader Amy McGovern, PhD, a meteorologist at the University of Oklahoma, told Science Nation earlier this year. "A lot of times people don't react until they see it. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. Stay tuned.". Data is collected from a number of sources — radar, observation stations, weather balloons, planes and satellites, and a network of 290,000 volunteer storm spotters — and then fed into vast mathematical simulations that churn out detailed local forecasts of what may happen in a few hours' time.

SHAVE workers collected hail, wind damage and flash flooding reports through phone surveys. Meteorologists at the NOAA Storm Prediction Center (SPC) issue daily forecasts, or convective outlooks, for organized severe thunderstorms over the U.S. based on current weather observations and forecast models. The SPC Short-Range Ensemble Forecast (SREF) is constructed by post-processing all 21 members of the NCEP SREF plus the 3-hour time lagged, operational NAM (for a total of 22 members) each 6 hours (03, 09, 15, and 21 UTC). [Storm Surge Video: Deadliest Part of Hurricane]. "Scanning up and down with our radar helps," says Elsner. The models use equations, along with new and past weather data, to provide forecast guidance to our meteorologists.Learn more about NOAA’s supercomputers, AWIPS (NOAA’s Advanced Weather Information Processing System) is a computer processing system that combines data from all the previous tools into a graphical interface that our forecasters use to analyze data and prepare and issue forecasts, watches, warnings. These technological advances enable our meteorologists to make better predictions faster than ever before. A basic understanding of how weather works relies on the historical record, Carbin said. The mobile mesonet is a vehicle intended to take surface observations of temperature, pressure, humidity, wind, and even solar radiation in and around storms and storm environments. Visit our corporate site. In addition, the PIPS determines the distribution of particle sizes by using an instrument called a Parsivel (PARticle, SIze, VELocity) disdrometer to measure the number and size of any object that falls through it (similar to the 2DVD). Tools used to measure tornadoes include barometers, Doppler radar and "turtles." But new techniques to ameliorate that timeframe are on the way. These destructive phenomena are most common in "Tornado Alley" in the central United States. Storm prediction starts with measuring the current weather conditions, such as air temperature, air pressure and wind speed. You will receive a verification email shortly.

Because of their dangerous wind speeds and associated thunderstorms as well as their unpredictability, tornadoes are notoriously difficult to measure. Severe weather, tornado, thunderstorm, fire weather, storm report, tornado watch, severe thunderstorm watch, mesoscale discussion, convective outlook products from the Storm Prediction Center. Storm Prediction Center Forecast Tools Page. They are also working on products that estimate wind shear and stability in the surrounding environment to forecast the future severity of the storm. The HREF page replaces the previous SPC SSEO page. That usually means more powerful tornadoes. Meteorologists still have to rely on observations. Once a storm is brewing, scientists begin monitoring it using radar. But the greatest threat to life and property from hurricanes is often from storm surge — a rise in seawater due to a storm — which the Saffir-Simpson rating doesn't take into account.

(NOAA), These aren’t vending machines: They are NOAA supercomputers that collect, process and analyze billions of observations from weather satellites, weather balloons, buoys and surface stations from around the world. "We have a pretty good understanding of the time of year when parts of the country are at the greatest risk," Carbin said. "We use a number of computer models. Storm chasers must spend time finding the right conditions for tornadoes to develop and then put themselves in the line of fire in order to deploy a turtle. The average time between a tornado warning being issued and a twister touching down has been refined from 5 minutes to 13 minutes over the last couple of decades. The largest drop in pressure ever recorded was in April 2007 in Tulia, Texas, when the air pressure within a tornado dropped 194 millibars.

How, When & Where Hurricanes Form]. In 2007, meteorologists at the US government's National Severe Storm Laboratory (NSSL) developed a prototype, called the four-dimensional storm cell investigator. In black is the actual extent of Hurricane Sandy's surge on Staten Island.The house in pink shows where Alan Benimoff collected debris, to map Sandy's surge. NSSL's 2DVD takes high speed video pictures, from two different angles, of anything falling from the sky through its viewing area, such as raindrops, hail or snow. Another way NSSL has used public observations was through the mostly student-run NSSL/CIMMS Severe Hazards Analysis and Verification Experiment (SHAVE) project. The SPC SREF Plumes Page displays point forecasts for each of the 21 members of the NCEP Short-Range Ensemble Forecast (SREF) CLAMPS provides profiles of temperature, humidity, and winds near the surface of the earth. Maps and derived fields based on twice daily (00 and 12 UTC) radiosonde data over the continental U.S. Skew-T charts for all observed soundings across the United States. The scale estimates potential property damage, from 1 ("Very dangerous winds will produce some damage") to 5 ("Catastrophic damage will occur"). A significant part of our specialized instrumentation is built and maintained by an experienced Field Observing Facilities Support team, FOFS, who work hard to come up with innovative ways to support NSSL's storm research efforts. NSSL has a mobile, trailer-based boundary layer profiling facility using commercially available sensors. These other instruments measure electrical field strength and direction, and other important atmospheric variables such as temperature, dew point, pressure and winds. Barometers. Plus, once the conditions are finally right, the tornado is often down on the ground before anyone has time to react. If the storm is rotating, it could spawn a tornado. But today, with new technology that offers a closer glimpse at weather conditions, the complexity of tornado forecasting is greater than ever. All of the weather and satellite data is fed into numerical simulations run on supercomputers, which crunch the numbers and spit out a model of the atmosphere's behavior. The TOtable TOrnado Observatory (TOTO), named after Dorothy's little dog from the movie “The Wizard of Oz,” was a 300 lb aluminum barrel outfitted with anemometers, pressure sensors, and humidity sensors, along with equipment to record the data. This radar can create and manipulate dynamic, 3D cross-sections, so that meteorologists can "slice and dice" storms and view that data from multiple angles and across time. Overview of observation support tools in use for research at the National Severe Storms Laboratory. Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. Designed in part by storm chaser Tim Samaras, "turtles" are small devices filled with instruments that measure humidity, pressure, temperature and wind speed/direction.

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Doppler radar provides an image of the shape of a thunderstorm cell, the intensity of precipitation within that cell and wind velocity. Our supercomputers are almost 6 million times more powerful than your average desktop computer. The number of strong, violent tornadoes that occur in a 10,000 square mile area, per year, is 0.1 across the entire US, and only 0.6 in Tennessee, the state with the highest frequency. Science relies on observations to develop theories about nature, and ultimately to evaluate and validate these theories. In Moore, residents only had 16 minutes notice that a tornado was forming. This new radar has also helped forecasters establish more accurate tornado signatures, like the "debris ball," wherein material being carried in the vortex of a tornado can be spotted before the storm touches down. Each PIPS has sensors that measure temperature, pressure, humidity, wind speed and direction. Hurricane forecasters use a method called the Dvorak technique with the satellite imagery to estimate the intensity of a tropical storm system. Even when all those factors align, the chances of a tornado hitting the ground are very small. The increased use of Doppler radar helps tell meteorologists when strong winds form in an “intense circulation,” which could lead to a tornado. (NOAA), AWIPS workstation at NWS Lubbock, Texas (NOAA), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Learn more about NOAA’s weather satellites, Learn more about weather balloons and radiosondes, NOAA upgrades Global Ensemble Forecast System, Congratulations to the 2020 WRN Ambassadors of Excellence. NY 10036. The first guide to tornado forecasting, published in 1888, set the basis for predicting the storms. USA "There's pressure, there's temperature, and none of the radars and current sensing instruments can get that at the resolution we really need to fundamentally understand the tornadoes," project leader Amy McGovern, PhD, a meteorologist at the University of Oklahoma, told Science Nation earlier this year. "A lot of times people don't react until they see it. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. Stay tuned.". Data is collected from a number of sources — radar, observation stations, weather balloons, planes and satellites, and a network of 290,000 volunteer storm spotters — and then fed into vast mathematical simulations that churn out detailed local forecasts of what may happen in a few hours' time.

SHAVE workers collected hail, wind damage and flash flooding reports through phone surveys. Meteorologists at the NOAA Storm Prediction Center (SPC) issue daily forecasts, or convective outlooks, for organized severe thunderstorms over the U.S. based on current weather observations and forecast models. The SPC Short-Range Ensemble Forecast (SREF) is constructed by post-processing all 21 members of the NCEP SREF plus the 3-hour time lagged, operational NAM (for a total of 22 members) each 6 hours (03, 09, 15, and 21 UTC). [Storm Surge Video: Deadliest Part of Hurricane]. "Scanning up and down with our radar helps," says Elsner. The models use equations, along with new and past weather data, to provide forecast guidance to our meteorologists.Learn more about NOAA’s supercomputers, AWIPS (NOAA’s Advanced Weather Information Processing System) is a computer processing system that combines data from all the previous tools into a graphical interface that our forecasters use to analyze data and prepare and issue forecasts, watches, warnings. These technological advances enable our meteorologists to make better predictions faster than ever before. A basic understanding of how weather works relies on the historical record, Carbin said. The mobile mesonet is a vehicle intended to take surface observations of temperature, pressure, humidity, wind, and even solar radiation in and around storms and storm environments. Visit our corporate site. In addition, the PIPS determines the distribution of particle sizes by using an instrument called a Parsivel (PARticle, SIze, VELocity) disdrometer to measure the number and size of any object that falls through it (similar to the 2DVD). Tools used to measure tornadoes include barometers, Doppler radar and "turtles." But new techniques to ameliorate that timeframe are on the way. These destructive phenomena are most common in "Tornado Alley" in the central United States. Storm prediction starts with measuring the current weather conditions, such as air temperature, air pressure and wind speed. You will receive a verification email shortly.

Because of their dangerous wind speeds and associated thunderstorms as well as their unpredictability, tornadoes are notoriously difficult to measure. Severe weather, tornado, thunderstorm, fire weather, storm report, tornado watch, severe thunderstorm watch, mesoscale discussion, convective outlook products from the Storm Prediction Center. Storm Prediction Center Forecast Tools Page. They are also working on products that estimate wind shear and stability in the surrounding environment to forecast the future severity of the storm. The HREF page replaces the previous SPC SSEO page. That usually means more powerful tornadoes. Meteorologists still have to rely on observations. Once a storm is brewing, scientists begin monitoring it using radar. But the greatest threat to life and property from hurricanes is often from storm surge — a rise in seawater due to a storm — which the Saffir-Simpson rating doesn't take into account.

(NOAA), These aren’t vending machines: They are NOAA supercomputers that collect, process and analyze billions of observations from weather satellites, weather balloons, buoys and surface stations from around the world. "We have a pretty good understanding of the time of year when parts of the country are at the greatest risk," Carbin said. "We use a number of computer models. Storm chasers must spend time finding the right conditions for tornadoes to develop and then put themselves in the line of fire in order to deploy a turtle. The average time between a tornado warning being issued and a twister touching down has been refined from 5 minutes to 13 minutes over the last couple of decades. The largest drop in pressure ever recorded was in April 2007 in Tulia, Texas, when the air pressure within a tornado dropped 194 millibars.

How, When & Where Hurricanes Form]. In 2007, meteorologists at the US government's National Severe Storm Laboratory (NSSL) developed a prototype, called the four-dimensional storm cell investigator. In black is the actual extent of Hurricane Sandy's surge on Staten Island.The house in pink shows where Alan Benimoff collected debris, to map Sandy's surge. NSSL's 2DVD takes high speed video pictures, from two different angles, of anything falling from the sky through its viewing area, such as raindrops, hail or snow. Another way NSSL has used public observations was through the mostly student-run NSSL/CIMMS Severe Hazards Analysis and Verification Experiment (SHAVE) project. The SPC SREF Plumes Page displays point forecasts for each of the 21 members of the NCEP Short-Range Ensemble Forecast (SREF) CLAMPS provides profiles of temperature, humidity, and winds near the surface of the earth. Maps and derived fields based on twice daily (00 and 12 UTC) radiosonde data over the continental U.S. Skew-T charts for all observed soundings across the United States. The scale estimates potential property damage, from 1 ("Very dangerous winds will produce some damage") to 5 ("Catastrophic damage will occur"). A significant part of our specialized instrumentation is built and maintained by an experienced Field Observing Facilities Support team, FOFS, who work hard to come up with innovative ways to support NSSL's storm research efforts. NSSL has a mobile, trailer-based boundary layer profiling facility using commercially available sensors. These other instruments measure electrical field strength and direction, and other important atmospheric variables such as temperature, dew point, pressure and winds. Barometers. Plus, once the conditions are finally right, the tornado is often down on the ground before anyone has time to react. If the storm is rotating, it could spawn a tornado. But today, with new technology that offers a closer glimpse at weather conditions, the complexity of tornado forecasting is greater than ever. All of the weather and satellite data is fed into numerical simulations run on supercomputers, which crunch the numbers and spit out a model of the atmosphere's behavior. The TOtable TOrnado Observatory (TOTO), named after Dorothy's little dog from the movie “The Wizard of Oz,” was a 300 lb aluminum barrel outfitted with anemometers, pressure sensors, and humidity sensors, along with equipment to record the data. This radar can create and manipulate dynamic, 3D cross-sections, so that meteorologists can "slice and dice" storms and view that data from multiple angles and across time. Overview of observation support tools in use for research at the National Severe Storms Laboratory. Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. Designed in part by storm chaser Tim Samaras, "turtles" are small devices filled with instruments that measure humidity, pressure, temperature and wind speed/direction.

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what tools are used to predict tornadoes

NSSL research helps fulfill NOAA's mission goals through research and development dedicated to improving observations, predictions and warnings of high-impact weather, including tornadoes, severe thunderstorms and flash floods. "Think of a hurricane hunter as an 'MRI' for the storm," said NHC spokesman and meteorologist Dennis Feltgen. Tornado-generating storms need very specific conditions to form — moisture, temperature, and something known as wind shear, where the wind changes in strength and direction with height. Norman, OK 73072 You can get a refurbished Sonos Playbar for $120 off at Best Buy, Amazon’s Prime Day kicks off on October 13th, You can get big discounts on the new ball-shaped Amazon Echo and Echo Dot, More early Prime Day 2020 deals have come to the surface, Get a year of PlayStation Plus for half off before the PS5 comes out, PS5 owners will get digital access to several PS4 games, Samsung’s new Galaxy Buds Live wireless earbuds are $35 off at Woot, Amazon Prime members check out for $135, $145 for everyone else, Sign up for the NSSL installed, operates and maintains the OKLMA. ", "We'd like to think that as soon as we say there is a tornado warning, everyone would run to the basement," Ken Harding, a weather service official in Kansas City, told the Huffington Post last year. The Portable In situ Precipitation Stations are small portable weather platforms built by NSSL in collaboration with The University of Oklahoma and Purdue University. Modeling storm systems is a promising technique, but because storms are incredibly sensitive to tiny changes, using a model — rather than observations — means that forecasters will inevitably lose accuracy. Because it is so difficult to measure tornadoes accurately, the ranking scale refers to the destructiveness of the tornado, not its actual strength. When combined with reports of actual tornadoes, Doppler radar provides valuable measurements that meteorologists can use to make their future predictions more accurate. More accurate, effective forecasts being issued further in advance, If these techniques — improved radar analysis, better computer models and refined warnings — can be combined, we should see more accurate, effective forecasts being issued further in advance. The most drastic drop in pressure occurs within the actual tornado. Inside the storm, the plane ejects an instrument called a dropsonde, which parachutes down and relays information about air temperature, humidity, and wind speed and direction; the instrument later degrades in the ocean. To learn more or opt-out, read our Cookie Policy.

Doppler radar provides an image of the shape of a thunderstorm cell, the intensity of precipitation within that cell and wind velocity. Our supercomputers are almost 6 million times more powerful than your average desktop computer. The number of strong, violent tornadoes that occur in a 10,000 square mile area, per year, is 0.1 across the entire US, and only 0.6 in Tennessee, the state with the highest frequency. Science relies on observations to develop theories about nature, and ultimately to evaluate and validate these theories. In Moore, residents only had 16 minutes notice that a tornado was forming. This new radar has also helped forecasters establish more accurate tornado signatures, like the "debris ball," wherein material being carried in the vortex of a tornado can be spotted before the storm touches down. Each PIPS has sensors that measure temperature, pressure, humidity, wind speed and direction. Hurricane forecasters use a method called the Dvorak technique with the satellite imagery to estimate the intensity of a tropical storm system. Even when all those factors align, the chances of a tornado hitting the ground are very small. The increased use of Doppler radar helps tell meteorologists when strong winds form in an “intense circulation,” which could lead to a tornado. (NOAA), AWIPS workstation at NWS Lubbock, Texas (NOAA), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Learn more about NOAA’s weather satellites, Learn more about weather balloons and radiosondes, NOAA upgrades Global Ensemble Forecast System, Congratulations to the 2020 WRN Ambassadors of Excellence. NY 10036. The first guide to tornado forecasting, published in 1888, set the basis for predicting the storms. USA "There's pressure, there's temperature, and none of the radars and current sensing instruments can get that at the resolution we really need to fundamentally understand the tornadoes," project leader Amy McGovern, PhD, a meteorologist at the University of Oklahoma, told Science Nation earlier this year. "A lot of times people don't react until they see it. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. Stay tuned.". Data is collected from a number of sources — radar, observation stations, weather balloons, planes and satellites, and a network of 290,000 volunteer storm spotters — and then fed into vast mathematical simulations that churn out detailed local forecasts of what may happen in a few hours' time.

SHAVE workers collected hail, wind damage and flash flooding reports through phone surveys. Meteorologists at the NOAA Storm Prediction Center (SPC) issue daily forecasts, or convective outlooks, for organized severe thunderstorms over the U.S. based on current weather observations and forecast models. The SPC Short-Range Ensemble Forecast (SREF) is constructed by post-processing all 21 members of the NCEP SREF plus the 3-hour time lagged, operational NAM (for a total of 22 members) each 6 hours (03, 09, 15, and 21 UTC). [Storm Surge Video: Deadliest Part of Hurricane]. "Scanning up and down with our radar helps," says Elsner. The models use equations, along with new and past weather data, to provide forecast guidance to our meteorologists.Learn more about NOAA’s supercomputers, AWIPS (NOAA’s Advanced Weather Information Processing System) is a computer processing system that combines data from all the previous tools into a graphical interface that our forecasters use to analyze data and prepare and issue forecasts, watches, warnings. These technological advances enable our meteorologists to make better predictions faster than ever before. A basic understanding of how weather works relies on the historical record, Carbin said. The mobile mesonet is a vehicle intended to take surface observations of temperature, pressure, humidity, wind, and even solar radiation in and around storms and storm environments. Visit our corporate site. In addition, the PIPS determines the distribution of particle sizes by using an instrument called a Parsivel (PARticle, SIze, VELocity) disdrometer to measure the number and size of any object that falls through it (similar to the 2DVD). Tools used to measure tornadoes include barometers, Doppler radar and "turtles." But new techniques to ameliorate that timeframe are on the way. These destructive phenomena are most common in "Tornado Alley" in the central United States. Storm prediction starts with measuring the current weather conditions, such as air temperature, air pressure and wind speed. You will receive a verification email shortly.

Because of their dangerous wind speeds and associated thunderstorms as well as their unpredictability, tornadoes are notoriously difficult to measure. Severe weather, tornado, thunderstorm, fire weather, storm report, tornado watch, severe thunderstorm watch, mesoscale discussion, convective outlook products from the Storm Prediction Center. Storm Prediction Center Forecast Tools Page. They are also working on products that estimate wind shear and stability in the surrounding environment to forecast the future severity of the storm. The HREF page replaces the previous SPC SSEO page. That usually means more powerful tornadoes. Meteorologists still have to rely on observations. Once a storm is brewing, scientists begin monitoring it using radar. But the greatest threat to life and property from hurricanes is often from storm surge — a rise in seawater due to a storm — which the Saffir-Simpson rating doesn't take into account.

(NOAA), These aren’t vending machines: They are NOAA supercomputers that collect, process and analyze billions of observations from weather satellites, weather balloons, buoys and surface stations from around the world. "We have a pretty good understanding of the time of year when parts of the country are at the greatest risk," Carbin said. "We use a number of computer models. Storm chasers must spend time finding the right conditions for tornadoes to develop and then put themselves in the line of fire in order to deploy a turtle. The average time between a tornado warning being issued and a twister touching down has been refined from 5 minutes to 13 minutes over the last couple of decades. The largest drop in pressure ever recorded was in April 2007 in Tulia, Texas, when the air pressure within a tornado dropped 194 millibars.

How, When & Where Hurricanes Form]. In 2007, meteorologists at the US government's National Severe Storm Laboratory (NSSL) developed a prototype, called the four-dimensional storm cell investigator. In black is the actual extent of Hurricane Sandy's surge on Staten Island.The house in pink shows where Alan Benimoff collected debris, to map Sandy's surge. NSSL's 2DVD takes high speed video pictures, from two different angles, of anything falling from the sky through its viewing area, such as raindrops, hail or snow. Another way NSSL has used public observations was through the mostly student-run NSSL/CIMMS Severe Hazards Analysis and Verification Experiment (SHAVE) project. The SPC SREF Plumes Page displays point forecasts for each of the 21 members of the NCEP Short-Range Ensemble Forecast (SREF) CLAMPS provides profiles of temperature, humidity, and winds near the surface of the earth. Maps and derived fields based on twice daily (00 and 12 UTC) radiosonde data over the continental U.S. Skew-T charts for all observed soundings across the United States. The scale estimates potential property damage, from 1 ("Very dangerous winds will produce some damage") to 5 ("Catastrophic damage will occur"). A significant part of our specialized instrumentation is built and maintained by an experienced Field Observing Facilities Support team, FOFS, who work hard to come up with innovative ways to support NSSL's storm research efforts. NSSL has a mobile, trailer-based boundary layer profiling facility using commercially available sensors. These other instruments measure electrical field strength and direction, and other important atmospheric variables such as temperature, dew point, pressure and winds. Barometers. Plus, once the conditions are finally right, the tornado is often down on the ground before anyone has time to react. If the storm is rotating, it could spawn a tornado. But today, with new technology that offers a closer glimpse at weather conditions, the complexity of tornado forecasting is greater than ever. All of the weather and satellite data is fed into numerical simulations run on supercomputers, which crunch the numbers and spit out a model of the atmosphere's behavior. The TOtable TOrnado Observatory (TOTO), named after Dorothy's little dog from the movie “The Wizard of Oz,” was a 300 lb aluminum barrel outfitted with anemometers, pressure sensors, and humidity sensors, along with equipment to record the data. This radar can create and manipulate dynamic, 3D cross-sections, so that meteorologists can "slice and dice" storms and view that data from multiple angles and across time. Overview of observation support tools in use for research at the National Severe Storms Laboratory. Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. Designed in part by storm chaser Tim Samaras, "turtles" are small devices filled with instruments that measure humidity, pressure, temperature and wind speed/direction.

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